While developing mobile phone applications, businesses target Android due to the massive worldwide mobile operating system market share. Alphabet has made Android available as being an open source mobile platform. Also, it updates the mobile operating-system at regular intervals with new features and enhancements. But the penetration rate of individual versions of the mobile operating system differs.
Alphabet fails to regulate the Android smartphones, tablets, and phablets manufactured by various companies. Hence, the devices manufactured by different companies include varying hardware features despite being powered from the same version of Android. For this reason; it becomes essential for developers build mobile apps by targeting a wide range of devices powered by different versions of Android.
While planning, developing, and testing the mobile app, they should focus extensively on its accessibility, functionality, performance, usability, and security in the mobile app to maintain the users engaged no matter their selection of Android device. Also, they need to explore approaches to make the app deliver personalized user experience across varying devices and operating-system version. They further have to address numerous common challenges to produce a robust Android app.
As mentioned earlier, the market share of individual versions of Android differs. In accordance with the latest data released by Google, the most recent version of the mobile os – Nougat – includes a market share lower than its predecessors – Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new version of Android comes along with several extra features and enhancements. The developers must include specific features within the app to make it deliver optimal user experience by making the most of these additional features. Simultaneously, they also have to be sure that the app delivers rich and personalized user experience on devices powered by older versions of Android. The developers have to target multiple versions of Android to help make the applying popular and profitable inside the short term.
Unlike other mobile systems, Android is open source. Alphabet allows device manufacturers to customize its operating system according to their specific needs. Also, it can not regulate the Android devices launched by various manufacturers. Hence, the devices have varying hardware features despite being powered by the same version of Android. For instance, two devices powered by Android Nougat may vary from each other in the category of screen size, resolution, camera along with other hardware features. While developing an Android app, the developers need to ensure it delivers personalized experience to each user by accessing all hardware features of his device.
Google has not yet released any common ui (UI) designing process or rules for that mobile app developers. Hence, most developers build Free Apps for Mobile Phones without following any standard UI development process or rules. When the developers create custom UI interfaces in their own way, the apps tend not to look or function consistently across different devices. The incompatibility and diversity in the UI affects the consumer experience delivered from the Android app directly. The smart developers opt for responsive layout to maintain the UI consistent across many devices. Also, the developers have to test the UI with their mobile app comprehensively by combining both real devices and emulators. But often developers discover it daunting to develop a UI that make the app look consistent across various Android devices.
Most developers use third-party APIs to boost the mobile app’s functionality and interoperability. But the quality of third-party APIs available for Android app developers differs. Some APIs are designed for a particular version of Android. Hence, these APIs usually do not focus on devices powered by different versions from the mobile operating-system. The developers need to explore ways to make a single API work on different versions of Android. However they often find it challenging to make the app work smoothly on different cfbska devices with the same set of APIs.
Its open source nature makes it easier for device manufacturers to customize Android based on their specific needs. Nevertheless the openness as well as its massive market share made Android vulnerable to frequent security attacks. There are many instances when security of millions of Android devices has been impacted by security flaws or bugs like Stagefright, ‘Certifi-gate’ mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking and TowelRoot. The developers must include robust security features in the application and make use of latest encryption mechanism to keep an individual information secure despite targeted security attacks and security flaws in Android.
The latest data posted on various website depict that Google Play Store features a greater quantity of mobile apps than Apple App Store. Also, a large percentage of Android device users prefer free apps to paid apps. Hence, the developers have to promote their mobile apps aggressively to accomplish higher download numbers and implement app monetization options. They also need to implement an extensive digital marketing plan to market the app by targeting probably the most relevant users. Many developers must avail the assistance of digital marketing professionals to advertise their apps aggressively.
Users have option to pick from several Android apps offering identical features and functionalities. But developers often think it is daunting to develop apps with unique features and functionality. They frequently include features and functionalities inside the app that make it comparable to numerous apps available in exactly the same category in the Play store. Unlike Apple, Google will not implement stringent guidelines to evaluate the caliber of new apps being published to its app store. Insufficient standardized quality assessment guidelines often make developers address issues linked to patent. Some developers must design and modify their apps in future to avoid patent issues.